Past Concept Plans

Singapore has transformed from a developing nation to a developed one in less than 50 years, since gaining independence in 1965. The first Concept Plan developed in 1971 was instrumental in shaping the structure of our city and guiding its development over time.

Concept Plan 1971

The Concept Plan 1971 laid the foundation for Singapore’s growth and city structure, to meet the basic infrastructure needs of a young nation.

The plan set out broad principles to develop new housing towns, industrial estates, transport infrastructure and recreational spaces across the island, by adopting a ‘ring’ structure of satellite towns around the central water catchment.

The Central Area was established as the Central Business District, and has grown to have many global financial institutions and regional headquarters located here today.

Concept Plan 1991

The Concept Plan was reviewed in 1991, where the vision for Singapore evolved from meeting basic needs to creating an island city balancing work and play, culture and commerce, and where nature, waterbodies and urban development are woven seamlessly together.

The Plan proposed cultural and commercial corridors, and a hierarchy of commercial centres in different parts of the island to bring jobs closer to homes and alleviate congestion in the city centre.

Technological corridors, made up of business parks, science parks and academic institutions, were created to facilitate the growth of high-tech industries and to promote the exchange of ideas and innovation.

To support the development of a petrochemical industry, the Plan also proposed for seven low-lying southern islands to be amalgamated into one large island – known as Jurong Island today.


Concept Plan 2001

The Concept Plan Review in 2001 factored in new trends to ensure that the land use plans remained robust in addressing future challenges.

The plan envisioned Singapore as a thriving world-class city in the 21st century, with rich heritage, character, diversity and identity. In developing the plan, an extensive public consultation exercise was carried out to seek the views of key stakeholders. It aimed to provide a high quality living environment by offering a wider choice of housing options, and also sought to transform Singapore into a global financial hub by setting aside land in the city centre to support the growth of financial and services sectors.

As part of the Concept Plan 2001, an Identity Plan and Parks and Waterbodies Plan was drawn up to enhance Singapore’s natural and built identity. Under these two plans, we identified 15 nodes where the existing character of the built environment would be reinforced, and created more recreation choices through the opening up of more parks, reservoirs and natural areas.